The African development Bank (AfDB), one of the promoters and financiers of regional integration in African continent, says Tanzania and Kenya have become symbol of East African integration. Naftali Elude Mzota, a driver for the Impala Shuttle Company in Tanzania, has been driving between Tanzania and Kenya for over 23 years. Asked about the difficulties of crossing the border, Mzota sighs.
“Customs clearance used to be a real challenge here, because there were two borders. You had to go through at the Tanzanian immigration office, and then repeat the exercise on the Kenyan side. It used to take between one and a half and two hours,” he said, smiling. “That’s all changed now. When passengers arrive, it doesn’t matter which side they come from, a single checkpoint does all the administration and they are able to carry on across the border.”
The land border between these two East African countries, now has just a single border post. This project, the One-Stop Border Post, was set up at Namanga, a town of 16,000 inhabitants that straddles Longido District in Tanzania and Kenya’s Kajiado County in Kenya.
By cutting the crossing time to a maximum of half an hour, the One-Stop Border Post project has boosted trade and tourism between Kenya and Tanzania. To set up the border post, the African Development Bank in 2007 approved $185 million in funding, of which $108 million went to Kenya and $77 million to Tanzania. The Bank co-financed the project with Japan International Cooperation Agency.
“Thanks to the new crossing point, road traffic has increased,” said Edward Wilson Lyimo, the owner for more than 20 years of a hotel on the Tanzanian side of Namanga. “Businesses have become profitable and this new crossing has really helped us. Now, we can do business in both countries.”
The development has boosted the regional economy by streamlining, along with improved roads, the movement of people and goods across the border. “The idea now is to reproduce this initiative on other borders, such as that with Ethiopia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia,” said Kenneth Bagamuhunda, Director-General, Customs and Trade of the East African Community (EAC).
The African Development Bank’s is working to support regional integration, cross-border trade, tourism, the socioeconomic development of the region and poverty reduction.
The One-Stop Border Post project is also advancing regional cooperation, facilitating cross-border dialogue and the signing of treaties between EAC member countries. It supports the ongoing work of the Facilitation of Cross-Border Movements Committee, set up in 1998 by the EAC Commission to address passports, travel documents for businesspeople, visas and other matters identified in the Tripartite Agreement on Road Transport.